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정신건강증진 종합대책 (Comprehensive Plan on Mental Health Promotion)

Ministry of Health and Welfare Government of the Republic of Korea Country Resources Mental Health Strategies and Plans Republic of Korea 25 June 2012 Policy document community services, early intervention, stigma

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대한민국 보건복지부는 2012년 6월 정신건강증진종합대책을 발표하였다.
본 종합대책의 주내용은 다음과 같다:
•정신보건법상 정신질환자 개념을 축소하고, 약물처방 없는 단순 정신과 상담은 건강보험급여 청구 시 정신질환명을 명기하지 않도록 하여 정신질환에 대한 편견해소, 정신과 이용을 촉진
• 개인 정신건강수준의 확인 및 조기치료 유도를 위해 ’2013년도부터 전국민 대상 「생애주기별 정신건강검진」을 실시
• 직장과 학교 현장에서 스트레스, 우울증 등이 적극적으로 관리될 수 있도록 교육, 전문 상담체계 확대
• 응급실 내원 자살 시도자·유가족·주변인에 대한 심리 지원을 통해 자살 확산을 막고, 학교·지역복지기관 등과 연계하여 청소년·노인 자살예방체계를 구축
• 인터넷·도박·알코올·마약 중독자가 쉽게 전문적인 치료 서비스를 이용하고 재활할 수 있도록 관련 인프라를 늘리고, 중독자 가족에 대한 심리 지원을 강화 강화
• 정신보건법은 「정신건강증진법」, 정신보건센터는 「정신건강증진센터」로 개칭하고, 정신건강정책 연구·개발 기능을 강화하기 위해 「국립정신건강연구원」을 신설.

The Ministry of Health and Welfare announced in June 2012 measures to improve the mental health of the citizens of South Korea.
The plans include:
1) scaling back the scope of the concept of persons with mental illness to reduce stigma and promote utilization of mental health services;
2) providing mental health screenings for each stage of the life cycle;
3) increasing capacity to proactively manage stress, depression etc. at workplaces and schools;
4) reducing the diffusion of suicide by providing psychological support to people who have attempted suicide as well as those around them, and building a suicide prevention system by linking with schools and community welfare centers;
5) expanding the infrastructure for treatment of internet, alcohol, gambling, and substance addiction; and
6) renaming mental health legislation and national mental health and research centers to promote the notion of mental ‘health,’ emphasize mental health promotion of the general public, rather than the few with mental illness, and emphasize early detection and treatment of mental illness.

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