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European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR)

European Union International Human Rights Instruments and Resources Conventions/Treaties Council of Europe September 1953 Convention/treaty human rights

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The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (formally the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) is an international treaty to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms in Europe. It was drafted by the Council of Europe and entered into force on 3 September 1953. All Council of Europe member states are party to the Convention and new members are expected to ratify the convention at the earliest opportunity.

The Convention established the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). All persons who feel their rights have been violated under the Convention and who have exhausted all domestic remedies are entitled to take a case to the Court.


ECHR English pdf
English, 1.5 MB pdf
ECHR English Accessible Word
English, 126.5 kB doc
ECHR Francais pdf
French, 1.5 MB pdf