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General Comment No. 10 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child - children’s rights in juvenile justice (2007)

United Nations International Human Rights Instruments and Resources General Comments of UN Treaties 2007 Guidelines child and adolescent, human rights

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4. At the outset, the Committee wishes to underscore that CRC requires States parties to
develop and implement a comprehensive juvenile justice policy. This comprehensive approach should not be limited to the implementation of the specific provisions contained in articles 37 and 40 of CRC, but should also take into account the general principles enshrined in articles 2, 3, 6 and 12, and in all other relevant articles of CRC, such as articles 4 and 39. Therefore, the objectives of this general comment are:

− To encourage States parties to develop and implement a comprehensive juvenile justice
policy to prevent and address juvenile delinquency based on and in compliance with CRC, and to seek in this regard advice and support from the Interagency Panel on Juvenile Justice, with representatives of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and nongovernmental organizations (NGO’s), established by ECOSOC resolution 1997/30;

− To provide States parties with guidance and recommendations for the content of this
comprehensive juvenile justice policy, with special attention to prevention of juvenile delinquency, the introduction of alternative measures allowing for responses to juvenile
delinquency without resorting to judicial procedures, and for the interpretation and implementation of all other provisions contained in articles 37 and 40 of CRC;

− To promote the integration, in a national and comprehensive juvenile justice policy, of
other international standards, in particular, the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules
for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (the “Beijing Rules”), the United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty (the “Havana Rules”), and the United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (the “Riyadh Guidelines”).