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Policy on Alternative Care for Children

Kingdom of Cambodia Country Resources Child and Youth General Policies, Laws, Strategies & Plans, Service Standards Cambodia April 2006 Policy document child/youth protection

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Description

The general policy on Alternative Care for Children states that all children have access and right to care which respects and fulfills their rights to survival, protection, development and participation.

Children exposed to one or more situations of vulnerability have been categorized as children in need of special protection or children at risk. Children in need of special protection include:
• Orphans
• Abandoned children
• Children infected or affected by HIV/AIDS
• Abused children whether sexually, physically or emotionally
• Street children
• Children in conflict with the law
• Children victims of exploitation whether sexually or any forms of harmful labour
• Children with disabilities
• Children addicted to drugs
• Children whose basic physical needs are not being met

The category of children at risk relates to contexts of extreme poverty, break-up of the family, alcoholism, gambling, domestic violence, dropping out from school, as well as life in newly-resettled areas (Internally Displaced People/migrants, returnees, demobilised soldier families) and life with individuals other than biological parents.

The general objectives of this Policy are to protect the rights of the child and to ensure the physical and psychosocial long-term development of orphans and other vulnerable children. The policy aims to:
• Ensure that children benefit from national and international legal instruments, in particular from the Convention on the Rights of the Child and its four overriding principles
• Ensure that children grow up in a family and in a community, in particular with biological family and community of origin
• Ensure access to health services, free education and psychosocial support for the child’s survival and development
• Enhance the capacity of the community to care for and to protect vulnerable children through the promotion and the strengthening of all community safety nets

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