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Programa nacional de prevención del suicidio: Orientaciones para su implementación (National program for the prevention of suicide: Guidelines for implementation)

Ministry of Health Country Resources Suicide Prevention Chile October 2013 Guidelines

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Description

Considerando la enorme variabilidad que presenta el fenómeno del suicidio, entre las regiones, estePrograma es de carácter regional y está coordinado por las Secretarías Regionales Ministeriales de Salud. Debe ser permanente, intersectorial, público y privado, e incluir los tópicos que han mostrado mayor efectividad (OMS, 2009), a saber:
• Un sistema de información y vigilancia
• Planes regionales intersectoriales de prevención
• Capacitación del personal de salud
• Intervenciones preventivas en los colegios
• Sistemas de ayuda en situaciones de crisis
• Trabajo con los medios de comunicación.
El modelo de intervención propuesto se basa en la intersectorialidad como condición elemental para la prevención del y la instalación del Programa Nacional de Prevención del Suicidio se realizará en forma gradual y paulatina, estimándose un plazo de 3 a 4 años para tener todos los componentes instalados a nivel nacional.

Considering the enormous variability that the phenomenon of suicide presents among regions, this Program is regional and is coordinated by the regional Ministries of Health. It must be permanent, intersectoral, public and private, and include topics that have shown effectiveness (WHO, 2009), namely:
• A system of information and monitoring
• Intersectoral regional prevention plans
• Training of health personnel
• Preventive interventions in schools
• Support systems in crisis
• Working with the media.
The proposed intervention model is based on intersectorality as a crucial condition for the prevention of suicide and the installation of the National Program for the Prevention of Suicide will be held in gradual, step-by-step basis, with an estimated 3 to 4 years to have all the components installed at the national level.

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