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Manual para la protección y cuidado de la Salud Mental en situaciones de Emergencias y Desastres (Manual for the protection and care of Mental Health in situations of Emergencies and Disasters)

Agencia de Cooperación Internacional del Japón (JICA) Subsecretarías de Salud y de Redes Asistenciales del Ministerio de Salud de Chile Country Resources Mental Health Strategies and Plans Chile 1 January 2015 Policy document Emergencies, mental health promotion

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Description

Con la colaboración ofrecida por el Gobierno Japonés, a través de la Agencia de Cooperación Internacional del Japon (JICA), se ha elaborado este manual, cuyo propósito es ofrecer los conocimientos básicos de primera respuesta psicológica, a voluntarios y a personal de otras reparticiones del Estado, que se vinculan tempranamente a poblaciones afectadas por emergencias y desastres. Desde la perspectiva de la protección de la Salud Mental, prevalece la necesidad insoslayable de que los miembros de cada sociedad cuenten con una “cultura de desastres” adecuada y oportunamente fomentada desde mucho antes de que ocurra el desastre o emergencia. Sólo así, se puede prevenir con cierta eficacia el sufrimiento psíquico excesivo que experimentan las personas en esas situaciones.

With the collaboration offered by the Japanese Government, through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), this manual has been prepared, the purpose of which is to offer the basic knowledge of psychological first response, to volunteers and to personnel of other State departments , which are linked early to populations affected by emergencies and disasters. From the perspective of Mental Health protection, the imperative need prevails for the members of each society to have an adequate and timely “culture of disasters” fostered long before the disaster or emergency occurs. Only in this way can the excessive mental suffering that people experience in these situations be prevented with some effectiveness.

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